Urgency 5G Network for Indonesia

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By. Fita Indah Maulani

Community activities that are all digital have led to a significant increase in data traffic. The utilization of the 4G network in densely populated and industrial areas is relatively high, resulting in a decrease in data access speed and disrupting user activities.

New technology is needed to overcome this, one of which is the 5G network. There are many advantages of this technology, one of which is the speed of data access, making users more comfortable in the digital world.

5G technology offers access speeds up to above 1 Gbps (gigabytes per second) to provide a perfect video viewing experience. It can make the online teaching and learning process more enjoyable; students stare at the device’s screen and seem to be in an actual room through virtual reality or virtual reality.

5G services will be more stable with the support of fiber optic networks, provided by PT Alita Praya Mitra for cellular operator Indosat Ooredoo in Solo, which launched recently.

The characteristics of 5G that move in large bandwidth make this technology capable of supporting millions of devices to encourage more smart cities in Indonesia by utilizing Internet of Things (IoT) solutions.

Millions of sensors and devices connected to the internet, such as smart lights, surveillance cameras, warning systems for disasters such as floods and earthquakes, to air quality in a city can operate simultaneously via the 5G network. This condition cannot use 4G networks, which have a narrower bandwidth.

5G also has low latency, under one millisecond, making vehicle automation to remote operation in the healthcare industry very possible in the future. These advantages predicted will increase economic value, a combination of increased efficiency and effectiveness.

As for IoT, the 5G network supports standalone networks. A congested city or an industrial area looking to take the digital leap will benefit from the 5G network.

In the Virtual Lunch and Learn ICT Trends 2021 – 2024 event supported by the Indonesian Internet of Things Association (ASIOTI) last week, President Director of PT Alita Praya Mitra Teguh Prasetya said that from the infrastructure side, 5G was present in several releases. Each release brings its advantages.

As noted, 5G was introduced by telecom operators some time ago, is 5G release 15 Globally, release 15 has been introducing by 3GPP in 2020 -2021.

Release 15 offers 5G with superior data service speeds, so users can download or upload data, with speeds 5 – 20 times faster than 4G.

After 2021, we estimated that there would be 16 releases, which bring many advantages, especially for IoT devices due to low latency, slicing, unlicensed frequencies, massive connectivity, etc.

Teguh said that release 16 would likely be known as 5.2G. Then 2022 -2023 comes release 17 with the term 5.3G. Then after 2024, it will release 18 -19 with 5.5G. After the release of 20 will appear 6G. 3GPP estimates that 6G will arrive by 2030 at the latest.

“This is what will happen. 5G will also change to 6G. There are four more realists that will be introducing, and each has advantages,” said Teguh.

According to the 5G Business Potential from Industry Digitalization report, the digitalization of the industry through 5G allows information and communication technology (ICT) players to have the opportunity to earn US$619 billion in revenue by 2026.

There are three schemes of roles played by ICT players. Each role has a different impact on their income. If ICT players only play the part of network developers, the potential revenue earned in 2026 will reach US$204 billion.

Meanwhile, if ICT players choose to act as network developers and service providers, the potential income is even higher, worth US$541 billion. Then if the operator is the creator of 5G services for the industry, the potential revenue is USD 619 billion.

The potential revenue of US$619 billion comes from various sectors with the breakdown of the manufacturing sector worth US$113 billion (18%), the Energy and utilities sector worth US$101 billion (16%), the public security sector worth US$78 billion (13%) and the health sector. US$76 billion (12%).

Then the public transportation sector valued at US$74 billion (12%), the media and entertainment sector valued at US$62 billion (10%), the automotive sector valued at US$48 billion (8%), the financial services sector valued at US$30 billion (5%). Retail valued at US$29 billion (5%), and the agriculture sector valued at US$9 billion (1%).