Technological Trends from Time to Time

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By. Fita Indah Maulani

The industrial revolution always brings change. Two things are sure to happen—first, time and cost-efficiency. Second, and increased productivity.

Industrial revolution 1.0 in the 18th-century introduction of the steam engine brought significant changes. Humans could travel long distances by train, shortening travel time from a few days to a few hours.

The era of the steam engine lasted about two centuries in civilization. After that came the industrial revolution 2.0, marked by the discovery of electric power and the conveyor belt theory. This era makes the production process faster and bulkier.

Builders of cars, armored vehicles, to aircraft can do much more. They are no longer working together on one vehicle but based on specialization. The electric engine and tire movement allowed them to do only one part.

After the second world war, came the third industrial revolution, namely the era of robots and computers. For the first time, the computer is present. At the beginning of the presence of computers, the shape is still tremendous.

Slowly the dimensions of the computer shrink until it can be planted in a production machine or taken anywhere (mobile). In this era, computers began to move as operators, replacing humans.

Then in the 2000s came the era of revolution 4.0. In this era, the role of computers has become more sophisticated. Automation and cyber technologies are starting to appear in manufacturing.

Internet of Things (IoT) sensors and devices are proliferating, allowing everything remotely controlled to operate independently with programming systems.

Big data and artificial intelligence solutions developed well in the era of the industrial revolution 4.0. Billions of data are entered into computers, processed, and analyzed so that devices in a company or government can make decisions quickly and accurately.

Storage in the cloud or cloud computing is also starting to grow. Companies no longer store their data within the company but work with third parties. The benefits? the cost incurred by the company is cheaper than having to provide, maintain, and operate the storage system yourself.

In the Virtual Lunch and Learn ICT Trend 2021 -2024 event, President Director of PT Alita Praya Mitra, Teguh Prasetya, estimates that several technologies will emerge and impact the retail and corporate segments in the era of industrial revolution 4.0.

The increasing number and variety of IoT solutions and the presence of 5G with latency under one millisecond will impact business development in the next 4-5 years.

At that time, technological developments will sprint. To not lose money – because the investment in previous technology has not returned – technology and telecommunications companies must work together to maintain sustainability.

Teguh also estimates that technology trends from 2021 -2024 will be divided into four layers: devices, networks, platforms, and applications. From the device side, it is predicted that devices attached to the body and not attached to the body will grow.

Then. Artificial intelligence-based devices will also grow as the chips in sensors get smaller, more applications, and more edge computing will be located close to the device.

From the network side, 5G release 16 will also be introduced this year so that 5G for IoT will be available and will be massive. This 5G IoT solution will make corporations more digital in the future. Then, there will also be a Low Earth Orbit Satellite (Leo satellite) which can provide high internet speeds with lower latency.

From the platform side, there will be many platforms for security and device data management. Hybrid cloud computing platforms, big data are also increasingly present for corporations.

Finally, from the application side, the trend in the future will be more smart homes, smart buildings, smart factories, smart offices, smart schools, and smart health that operate using artificial intelligence-based technology.

The process of data transportation is getting faster due to the presence of 5G, making more data sources analyzed by machines. As a result, the decisions made by the devices on the orders received will be more accurate and better. Those are driving digital transformation in every sector, such as in manufacturing, education, and health.

After that, what? Enter the era of society 5.0 or the industrial revolution 5.0. In 2017, the idea of ​​industrial revolution 5.0 was introduced by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. In the age of increasingly powerful technology, and is expected to reduce the gap between humans and economic problems in the future. To what stage is Indonesia?